National Newspaper Week 2020 - Making a newspaper from Newburgh News 10-5-1945

Teletypesetter Unique Among Newspaper Machines

Posted 10/8/20

Between the editorial room, where copy is produced, and the composing room where news matter is prepared for the printed page, the Newburgh News boasts an intermediate department that is unique among …

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National Newspaper Week 2020 - Making a newspaper from Newburgh News 10-5-1945

Teletypesetter Unique Among Newspaper Machines

Posted

Between the editorial room, where copy is produced, and the composing room where news matter is prepared for the printed page, the Newburgh News boasts an intermediate department that is unique among the typical daily papers of the world.

That is the teletypesetter department, where typewritten copy from the editorial department is transmitted to a thin paper tape on which each letter is recorded by a system of perforations.

Young women sit at a bank of six such machines in the Newburgh office, and another one in the Beacon office. The receiving end of the latter machine is in Newburgh. The operators receive the news copy and operate their respective keyboards, resembling typewritters but much more complicated. Coded perforations record the letters and words on the electrically driven tape.

Set Up First In Tape

This tape is then taken to the adjoining composing room and fed into a linotype machine, similar to the manually controlled machines used in other newspaper offices but equipped with a control box to receive the tape. As it passes through the control unit, the tape causes the keyboard of the linotype machine to move exactly as though each key was depressed by human fingers. The effect is similar to operation of a player - piano.

All "straight matter" is handled by this method, which provides greater speed in setting up the thousands of lines of type that go into each day's edition. Manually operated linotype machines are used for smaller type, such as medium sized headlines and display advertising layouts; and for multiple-column lines, such as type appearing under the pictures which illustrate this article.

The great bulk of single-column regular type, such as is used in this article, is set by the teletypesetter system.

As mentioned above, there is another teletypesetter machine in the Beacon office. Inasmuch as the Beacon paper is printed in Newburgh, all material must be transmitted to the Newburgh office. To do this by regular means would involve a tremendous loss o.f time. Therefore, the material is transmitted electrically, by means of a direct cable under the Hudson River.

As the operator uses the keyboard in the Beacon office, a teletypesetter tape is produced by the receiving unit in Newburgh. Another attached unit reproduces the copy in readable form to serve as a proof for the coded tape.

The tape is fed to the linotype machine and controls the type-setting operation exactly

the same as the tape produced by the Newburgh operators.

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